General Biology (Botany) :
Plants and their systems. Transport systems in Plants.
Plant Morphology and Systematics (Cryptogams):
Taxomical categories name of plants, classification systems about plants, evolution and becoming different species, general specialities and classification chlorophyta, pheaophyta, rhodophyta, fungi bryophytes and pteridophytes.
Plant Morphology and Systematics (Spermatophyta):
General features and classification of gymnosperms, general features, classification and origin of angiosperms, characters which use in taxonomy.
Definition of plant anatomy , aims, kinds of cell and tissue,Meristems 2-Stable tissue a-protective tissue b-paranchyma c-vascular tissue d-support tissue e- secretion system
Content of Plant Physiology. The relation of the plants and elements, diffusion, osmosis, to swell, assimilation of water and mineral, transpiration, transport of water and elements, photosynthesis, growing of plants, hormones, reproduction of plants, movements of plants, the control of flowering of plants.
Subject of Plant Geography, endemic taxons, formation of endemic plants, phytogeographic regions of Earth and Turkey.
Turkish Flora I
Introduction and history, flora and vegetation formation. Turkish Flora origin and general view to Paleoflora (general specialities, flora regions and elements, important plants and forest tree). Endemism and endemic regions of our country. Plant cover of plant geography regions (Europe-Siberian flora region, Iranian-Turan flora regions).
History of plant embryology, structure of flower parts, structure of anther, pollen formation, ovary, structure of ovary and its cells, pollination, fertilization, feeding of the embryo sac, embryo formation, seed formation, fruit formation, seed spreading
Hydrobotany, classification of water plants, speciliaties, systematics, areas of water plants in our country. Utilities of water plants, fresh water plants, primary-secondary water plants.
Useful Plants :
Description of natural and cultural plants used by human, of which morphological characterisctics, systematical positions, motherland, localities, economical values and its using areas.
General Principle of Plant Systematic, Systematic Categories and Nomenclature, Technics of Plant Collection, Kind of Herbarium, Botany Garden and Arboretum, Function of Herbarium, Botany Garden and Arboretum.